The College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences organized an awareness lecture on hearing diseases presented by teaching assistant Ashwaq Al-Harthi, Teaching Assistant in the Department of Health Communication Sciences; With the aim of educating students and employees of Princess Noura University about the importance of early diagnosis of hearing diseases for rapid intervention, especially for children from birth to the age of 5 years; Since it is the golden age of language acquisition, which is a routine evaluated by a newborn audiologist, according to the World Health Organization for the year 2020, 5% (400 million people and 34 million children) of the world population suffer from hearing impairment, in addition to a local study in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using the survey Hearing loss for 10,000 children under the age of 15 years, 13% of whom have a hearing impairment.
teaching assistantAshwaq Al-Harthi opened the lecture with an explanation of the meaning of hearing impairment and said: The inability to hear sounds is a result of a defect in the auditory system that starts with the ear (external, middle, and inner) and then the auditory nerve up to the hearing center in the brain.
Al-Harithi mentioned that hearing loss is divided into three categories:
1- Conductive Hearing loss: and the defect lies in the outer or middle ear or both.
2- sensorineural hearing loss: defect lies in the inner ear (cochlea), which results in difficulty in distinguishing speech.
3- Mixed hearing loss: the presence of an abnormality in all parts of the ear.
She mentioned that hearing impairment might be acquired, such as exposure to high-level sounds for a long time or infectious diseases such as measles.
Then she indicated the importance of paying attention to any sign of hearing impairment, such as language delay, the need to raise the voice always, or the wrong response, due to the impact that this may have on a person's functional, social and economic life.